New study shows that the rich are living longer than the poor

New study shows that the rich are living longer than the poor

While researchers have long known that life expectancy increases with income, Cutler and others were surprised to find that trend never plateaued. But in an interesting twist, a new study says poorer people could reap longevity benefits by living in wealthier geographic areas.In a new study, Stanford economist Raj Chetty found that the link between income and life expectancy varies from one area to another within the United States.

A major study says the richest Americans live at least 10 years longer on average than the poorest, but the gap isn't as wide in many communities, especially affluent, highly educated cities.

The gap between rich and poor has widened in recent years.

However, it is astonishing just how long, affluent people are expected to live, as compared those who hail from the poorer sections of the society. "Then", Chetty said, "you can see that this is a big deal".

External factors that determine life expectancy are access to health care and a region's employment situation. After all, if it's a choice between pursuing an MBA or paying off a credit card bill, an education that could earn you more money (and extend you life) may go by the wayside.

"You don't want to just think about why things are going badly for the poor in America".

"It's not an overwhelming correlation with medical care or insurance coverage", he said. But a long line of evidence, including the new work, suggests it is less obvious than it might seem.

These factors may help explain why the poor live longer in the San Francisco area than they do in much of the rest of the country.

States also differ dramatically in terms of how life expectancy has changed over the past decade or so for the poor. Generally, the gains were greatest for woman and those with lower incomes. And it can provide economic security and peace of mind that improve the lives of the poor in other ways.

"None of the four theories for shorter life expectancy among low-income individuals was consistently supported by the data", the researchers summed up. There was a much stronger relationship between longevity and obesity and smoking rates, which is unsurprising. For the richest, the lowest life expectancies - less than about 85 years - were in Hawaii, Nevada and Oklahoma.

For examples, in some cities the disparities in life expectancy were smaller.

Policies such as these, and New York's universal pre-kindergarten, are notably the result of more than the money needed to fund them.

For low-income Americans, where they live has a large bearing on what age they die. It also showed a sharp increase in drug and alcohol poisonings, suicides and accidents in the first years of this century. Nationwide, the study found, higher median home values and population density are strongly correlated with longer lifespans for the poor-as is a higher percentage of immigrants, another advantage of New York City.

"There is some deeper distress going on among white middle-aged Americans that may continue to propel these mortality rates higher", Deaton, a Princeton economist who wrote an editorial critiquing the new paper by Chetty and his colleagues, said in an interview. Today, men in the bottom one percent live about as long as the average man in Sudan.

"An emerging body of science is showing that adversity itself will shorten your life span", said Nadine Burke Harris, a pediatrician in San Francisco and a founder of the Center for Youth Wellness that tries to treat the role of toxic stress in undermining health in the city's poorest neighborhoods.

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